Orion light logo

Addressing Nonconformances (NCR’s)

If your auditor raises NCRs during your audit, you must address them promptly.

The table below highlights the main steps in responding to an NCR and essential deadlines.

4 simple steps

Please hover to learn more

Step 1

NCR Classification

1

NCR Classification

Orion identifies, classifies and documents the nonconformity on a Nonconformance Report. Classifications for Major and Minor NCRs are described later.
1

Step 2

Correction / root cause / corrective action plan submission deadline

2

Correction / root cause / corrective action plan submission deadline

Within 30 days from the last day of the audit, the client must complete a correction, root cause analysis and corrective action plan.

These actions are documented on Orion’s NCR form and submitted to your auditor for review and acceptance.

2

Step 3

Orion reviews evidence of correction

3

Orion reviews evidence of correction

Orion will review the evidence of the correction.
3

Step 4

Orion review of NCR for effectiveness and closure

4

Orion review of NCR for effectiveness and closure

Before closing an NCR, your auditor will need to review the actions taken to determine if they have been implemented and effectively address the identified root cause.

4
Step 1: NCR Classification Step 2: Correction / root cause / corrective action plan submission deadline Step 3: Orion reviews evidence of correction Step 4: Orion review of NCR for effectiveness and closure
ISO Standards & BIFMA e3 Major 30 days after audit Reviewed during STEP 4 Stage 2 / Recertification / Upgrade Audits / upgrade audits
Prior to being certified or recertified.
Surveillance Audits
120 days
ISO Standards & BIFMA e3 Minor Not Required 30 days after audit Review and verification done at the next audit.
R2 *Major or Minors 30 days after audit or immediate suspension No later than 60 days after audit Stage 2 / Recertification / Upgrade Audits
Corrective action audit to review no later than 3 months after last day of Stage 2 or Recertification audit.
Surveillance Audits
Corrective action audit to review no later than 6 months after last day of Stage 2 or Recertification audit.
Languages Canada Major 30 days 120 days – new members
60 days – existing members
Languages Canada Minor Not Required 30 days

*R2 Major
In addition to our regular classification of NCR’s Seri has mandated indicate that the following issues be identified as Major NCR’s:

NCR Classification

Under ISO 9000:2015, a Nonconformity is the “Non-fulfilment of a requirement”. These requirements can be those from a standard, scheme holder, Orion or a company’s internal requirement. For identified nonconformities, the auditor must classify them as a Minor or Major Nonconformity.


Minor NCR
According to ISO 17021-1, a minor nonconformity does not affect the capability of the management system to achieve the intended results. For example, suppose a company planned to fully complete their internal audit by September and was delayed for a valid reason. In that case, the may be classified as a Minor provided the management system was effective and the process managed.


Major NCR
Major nonconformities, on the other hand, are defined as Nonconformity that affects the capability of the management system to achieve the intended results.(ISO 17021-1)

Note: Nonconformities could be classified as a major in the following circumstances:

Orion Icon

if there is a significant doubt that effective process control is in place or that products or services will meet specified requirements;

Orion Icon

a number of minor nonconformities associated with the same requirement or issue could demonstrate a systemic failure and thus constitute a major nonconformity.

Examples include:
– a total breakdown of the system, control or procedure is observed;
– a requirement has not been implemented or followed;
– a previous issue has reoccured
– student safety is at risk (Languages Canada standard only)
– unqualified staff or teachers are being used in the program (Languages Canada standard only)

To build on the example above, if the internal were not done and there was no valid reason given, there is no way to valid the process controls are in place and effective.

As part of the NCR process, you will need to implement a correction to eliminate the detected Nonconformity followed by a root cause and corrective action to eliminate the cause of the Nonconformity.

Consider the example below to better understand the difference between correction and corrective action.

NCR Example

Please keep in mind that the correction and corrective action are two steps with different action.  Consider the following example:

Document stamp - Remote Auditing
Orion Icon

NCR Identified

An employee slipped on water in the facility and injured themselves.

Orion Icon

Correction

Wiped up the water. Closed off the area and repaired the roof.

Orion Icon

Root Cause

- Why did the employee fall? – Water on the floor
- Why was there water on the floor – Leak in the roof?
- Why was there leak? – Roof was old and roof integrity never inspected
- Why was the roof integrity never inspected? – No reminders and not part of any maintenance program (root cause)

Orion Icon

Corrective Action

Add the roof inspections to the building preventive maintenance program to proactively identify any integrity issues.

Schedule a Consultation

This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged.